Taipei Adventist American School had its beginnings in 1955 as a small elementary school for overseas missionaries of the Seventh-day Adventist Church who mostly came from North America to pioneer the SDA mission work in China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. At first, the school was located in the basement of the Taipei City Adventist Church across from Da’an Park on XinSheng S. Road.  Over time this space grew too small to provide the right kind of outdoor space that American parents expected. Sometime in the 1960’s the school was moved to the Taiwan Adventist Hospital compound on Bade Road across from where the Taipei arena currently stands. It remained there until 1986.  At this time, the school, needing more room for the modest increase in number of students that were desiring an American Education, again decided it was best to move to a larger location.

In 1984, the school board voted to build another new school building out of the city on Yang Ming Shan.  The Adventist Church already owned a few large pieces of land on Yang Ming Shan where they had built a compound where many of the Taiwan Adventist Hospital Doctors and other missionary families lived. The western style compound had six homes and two large grassy areas for play and gardening. By 1986, a three level building was constructed with two apartments downstairs and a fenced in play area on the third floor, with classrooms, a library, offices and bathrooms on second floor.

In 1991, the school was registered with the Taiwan government as a foreign school for international students. This allowed any student with a foreign passport to attend the school. As the population of the school grew from 15 children of missionaries to over 120 students, renovations took place to accommodate the growing size. Over successive remodels during the 90’s and 2000’s, the school transformed to three levels of classrooms with grades one to four on the third floor, grades five to seven on the second floor, and eighth grade, administrative offices, work space, storage, and a technology lab on the first floor.  In 2010 and 2016, the school converted one of the compound’s houses into more classroom and work space by remodeling it for Chinese and ESL classrooms, learning support offices, music rooms, and a multipurpose kitchen work space.